First Known Use

As early as 8000 BC: Traces of hemp found in Asia. It’s use spreads across the globe for 10,000 years.


The Marijuana Tax Act

1937: The Marijuana Tax Act in the United States placed a tax on all cannabis sales (including hemp). This act made the cultivation and sale of hemp prohibitive and not worth the associated risks, which included penalties and enforcement provisions that could result in hefty fines and imprisonment.


The Controlled Substances Act of 1970

970: The Controlled Substances Act classified hemp as an illegal Schedule I drug, which required farmers who wanted to grow hemp to register and be approved by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). To illustrate how prohibitive this was to growing hemp: Only one farmer in the history of the U.S. ever successfully registered with the DEA to grow hemp.


The Agricultural Act of 2014, Section 7606

Section 7606 legitimized research of Industrial hemp and distinguished it from marijuana. It authorized institutions of higher learning and states’ departments of agriculture where hemp was legalized and regulated for research and pilot programs. legalized the production of hemp as an agricultural commodity while removing it from the list of controlled substances. The 2018 bill also listed hemp as a covered commodity under crop insurance and directed the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation board to streamline the process for developing hemp policies


Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 Language

​ The Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘‘Subtitle G—Hemp Production ‘‘SEC. 297A. DEFINITIONS. ‘‘In this subtitle: ‘‘(1) HEMP.—The term ‘hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.

In addition to defining hemp as cannabis that contains no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight, the bill asserts a ‘whole plant’ definition of hemp, including plant extracts; and removes roadblocks to the rapidly growing hemp industry in the U.S., notably by authorizing and encouraging access to federal research funding for hemp, and removing restrictions on banking, water rights, and other regulatory roadblocks the hemp industry currently faces. The bill also explicitly authorizes crop insurance for hemp. The full text of the hemp provisions in the Farm Bill of 2018 may be found at: https://www.votehemp.com/2018farmbill. For more details on the specific hemp provisions in the 2018 Farm Bill, please check out Vote Hemp’s blog post, “Hemp in the Farm Bill: What Does It Mean?” https://www.VoteHemp.com/hempinthefarmbill.